Since Malcolm Knowles pioneered the study of adult learners, studies have been done to determine the best approach to teaching adult students in a classroom environment. One way of learning that’s not often talked about is tutoring, rather than classroom teaching, for adults. In this article, I will reveal a few practical tips for working with adult students from a tutoring approach.The motivation for adult students to learn is usually to attain knowledge to achieve some sort of goal. Whether this goal is personal or professional, the adult learner has a practical use in mind. Having a tutor can help an adult student take the knowledge being learned in the classroom and apply it to their particular situation or goal. A student struggling with statistics, for example, might benefit from a tutor who could show them how the principles of statistics could be used in their current field.The self-image of an adult is usually based, at least in part, on their intelligence and knowledge. Consequently, the ego of adults can interfere with their ability to deal with the frustration of confusing material. If an adult learner becomes too frustrated, many times they will quit rather than allow their self-esteem to be damaged. A tutor can support the adult learner in privacy and help them assimilate the new material into their existing knowledge base.Adult students are usually busy; demands of family, work, church or other social commitments are frequently competing with schoolwork for the attention of adult students. Hiring a tutor who will work around the schedule of adults allows the student to plan for and budget a set block of time where they will focus all of their attention on studying or completing assignments.Adults bring life experience to the classroom, which can be a great aid to learning. However, it can also make it difficult to accept new ideas. It takes time and focused attention to integrate new knowledge with old. A tutor can aid an adult in getting the practice they need with new material to meld it to the knowledge they already possess.
The first thing to understand about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is that it is a neurobiological condition. After depression, ADHD is the second most common mental health disorder in adults, affecting about 5% of the United States population.Interestingly, approximately 60% of children who are diagnosed with ADHD continue to have the disorder as adults, so it is typically not a disorder that just goes away over time. With much research having been conducted over the past several years, scientists now believe that ADHD is largely a genetic condition. It is estimated that as many as 85% of people who have this disorder inherited it from one or both parents.Understanding the SymptomsThe symptoms are actually not that different between childhood ADHD and adult ADHD.
These are the three dominant symptoms that are present in both children and adults with ADHD, but the symptoms do not generally manifest themselves in quite the same way with adults.With adults, inattentiveness actually becomes the biggest issue. It becomes a more dominant symptom than it is with children, particularly for women. Hyperactivity is a symptom that is often felt by adults with ADHD, but the difference between this symptom in adults versus children is that adults are not as likely to actually act on the feeling. Whereas children may be practically bouncing off the walls when they are feeling hyperactive, adults realize that this type of behavior is unacceptable for them, particularly when they are in the workplace or around others.Diagnosing ADHDThe criteria are essentially the same for diagnosing adults and children with this disorder. In diagnosing adults accurately with ADHD, health care professionals have to determine the presence of four specific elements.
It must be determined that your symptoms actually stem from ADHD and not some other, possibly temporary problem.
You must have at least six out of nine hyperactivity or impulsive symptoms, as well as six out of nine inattentive symptoms that health care professionals look for.
You have to actually be suffering from impairment due to your symptoms. In other words, if you are consistently under-performing or engaging in impulsive activities at work, at home, or even socially, then you will be far more likely to be positively diagnosed with ADHD. If you are not really suffering from symptoms that are impacting your daily life, your diagnosis would likely be related to some other type of issue.
Lastly, your health care practitioner will ask you extensive questions about your childhood in order to determine if you have ADHD. As previously mentioned, ADHD begins in childhood; it is not a condition that simply manifests itself in adults without a prior history of the disorder.
Even if you were never officially diagnosed as a child, you might still be diagnosed with ADHD as an adult. It is quite common for the symptoms of this disorder to be misdiagnosed as something else altogether, even in childhood. If you routinely suffer from any of the symptoms described in this article and you are concerned that you might have ADHD, consult with your doctor for a complete evaluation. Remember to do more research on this subject and learn what it is truly about, then decide if you or the person you love in your life may need testing.
Acne, pimples and zits are usually associated with teenagers going through puberty but adult acne is more common than you might think. Most adults, who survived their teenage years with no apparent acne and the lack of ‘bad skin’ that their peers struggled with are often embarrassed to discover that just when they assumed they were free from acne for ever, they have been afflicted by adult acne. Most of them are embarrassed. It can be frustrating and a little bit confusing. Isn’t acne just for adolescents, they think? But the truth of the matter is that adult acne is more prevalent than you had first imagined. In fact, it is estimated that approximately 40% of all acne cure products in the America alone are sold to individuals with adult acne.But what causes adult acne? There are many factors involved. But the most commonly attributed reason, that of poor personal hygiene, just isn’t based in fact. Nearly every instance of acne, even adult acne, is a direct correlation of hormonal imbalances or blocked pores on the surface of the skin. Some adult acne is also the result of infection of the sebaceous glands or improper closing of the hair ducts on the face. The good news is that all acne is curable to a one degree or another.Most people are so appalled by the case of adult acne as they run out to the pharmacy and grab first product to get their hands on to combat this menace. But ironically, this can cause more harm than good. Most over the counter acne fighters are made specifically to do battle with teen acne. These medicines and treatments may not have the potency or the capability to effectively deal with adult acne, the causes of which may differ greatly.While it is true that adult acne is basically the same thing as teen acne, it may require stronger remedies. Whenever one is confronted by adult acne, it is always advisable to consult a dermatologist. The doctor will be able to diagnose the cause of the adult acne in the first place. Once a diagnosis is made, there may be a simple prescription medication that may be able to get rid of the problem forever. But all adults that suffer from adult acne must remember that it really isn’t that big of a deal other than for vanity reasons. Like I said earlier, adult acne is more prevalent than many thought it was and those that have it are by no means alone. Doesn’t it make sense to go for a single visit to the dermatologist to treat the problem than to spend a small fortune at the store trying to find a cause and a treatment? Not to mention the anxiety and discomfort that inevitably accompanies the late onset of adult acne.